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Role of Education in Economic Development:- A Reality in Reference to Rural Assam

Global Journal of Research in Management

Volume 9 Issue 2

Published: 2019
Author(s) Name: Biren Saikia | Author(s) Affiliation: Assist. Prof. (Guest), Dept. of Humanities and Social Sciences (NERIST) Nirjuli, Arunachal Pradesh
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Abstract

Education is the most important instrument for changing the economic condition of the rural society. It is also crucial to every aspect of social and economic development. The economic development is a measure of the welfare of humans in a society and education is a prime leading piece for the development in a region. It‘s not only helps the farmers planning and management, rational decision making, record keeping, computation of cost and revenue, but it also provides knowledge to adopt improve methods of cultivation, to understand processing methods and storage procedures, to know the programmes, targets and policies of the government, to know the family welfare, health, nutrition and home economics etc. However, agriculture is the primary source of occupation to the Indian rural people who directly or indirectly depend on agriculture. The present paper deals with the role of education and economic development through agriculture at the micro levels in rural Assam. It also attempts to examine the spatial variation of agricultural development of the studied districts with the help of eight variables viz. net sown area (X1), cropping intensity (X2), crop productivity (X3) (Yag‘s Yield Index), irrigated area (X4), area under HYV seeds (X5), use of fertilizer (X6), agricultural Labours (X7) and commercial and Gramin Banks (X8) for determining the status of each districts separately on each variables. Besides, that the development of districts have been categorized into three classes viz, high, medium and low on the basis of their respective Z-score of the variables. On the basis of composite z-score the development of districts have been again categorized into three classes- high, medium and low. The result shows that there is a positive association between literacy and agriculture development of the different census years.

Keywords: Education, agriculture, planning, management and Economic Development etc.

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