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Sustainable Tourism Infrastructure Planning: A GIS Based Approach

International Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Systems

Volume 6 Issue 1

Published: 2013
Author(s) Name: Anup. S. Patwal | Author(s) Affiliation: Teaching Associate, IHMCTAN, Garhi Cantt. Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India
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Abstract

This paper presents a conceptual GIS-supported sustainable tourism infrastructure planning approach (STIP). This approach aims at integrating a comprehensive set of sustainability criteria (i.e., dealing with development objectives, preferred visitor experiences, and carrying capacity standards) in tourism planning, using GIS. STIP involves three phases: a visitor segmentation phase, a zoning phase, and a transportation network planning phase. To demonstrate the integration of these phases, STIP was applied to the kumeria forest reserve, a forest reserve in Jim Corbett national park. The area is experiencing increasing visitor use and requires additional trail development, as to mitigate resource stress. The resulting trail networks, which were mapped conform the sustainability criteria, provide directives for the area’s sustainable development. The purpose of this paper is to investigate STIP’s potential—as a tourism planning approach—to incorporate ‘sustainability criteria’: realize development objectives; enable desired and expected visitor experiences; do not exceed carrying capacity standards; and minimize overall resource impacts.

Keywords: GIS, Infrastructure, Reserve, STIP, Tourist

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