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Sustainability and India - A Primordial Review

Indian Journal of Sustainable Development

Volume 8 Issue 1

Published: 2022
Author(s) Name: Rajib Dutta | Author(s) Affiliation: Amity University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
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Abstract

The mission statement of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) states that the SDGs are “A shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet, now and into the future” (www.sdgs.un.org Retrieved on Aug. 10, 2022). Based on the United Nations’ 17 Sustainable Development Goals – Agenda 2030 (which was adopted by 192 member nations), India’s rank was 120 in 2016 – a drop from 117 a year ago (www.businessstandard. com. Retrieved on Aug. 19, 2022). India had an overall SDG score of 60.32/100. This makes India fall behind all nations in South Asia, barring Pakistan – which at rank 125 is four notches below India. Notably, Maldives (score of 71), Bhutan (score of 70), Sri Lanka (score of 70), Nepal (score of 66), and Bangladesh (score of 64) are all above India (https://dashboards. sdgindex.org/rankings. Retrieved on Aug. 19, 2022). As per the State of India’s environment report 2022 (Centre for Science and Environment. https://csestore. cse.org.in/. Retrieved on Aug. 21, 2022), this drop in rank is primarily because of 11 of the 17 sustainable development goals (Yadav, 2022). One of the prime lookouts of the National Institute of Transforming India (NITI Aayog), India’s apex economic policy think tank, is the attainment of the sustainable development goals (SDGs) for 2030, and measuring and monitoring each of the 28 states’ and eight union territories’ progress towards the same. No wonder, NITI Aayog painstakingly firmed up the structural edifice of the first SDG India Index and its Baseline Report (https://www. niti.gov.in. Retrieved on Aug. 11, 2022). This paper is an attempt to trace the history of the UN SDGs and an attempt to understand and review India’s progress on them.

Keywords: Sustainability, Development, United Nations, NITI Aayog, SDG India Index

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